Installation and Administration

Installing the Nuxeo Platform as a Windows Service

Updated: October 16, 2020

Installing Nuxeo as a Windows service is independent of Nuxeo. So, this is no longer in our development scope since Nuxeo 5.4.

Multiple solutions are available, here are some of them, given without any warranty.

Once a batch is installed as a service, it cannot be changed: you must first uninstall it, then edit and reinstall in order to change its content. So, it's generally a good idea to write a batch file wrapping calls to nuxeoctl.bat and install that NuxeoWrapper.bat as a service, which will be responsible of starting Nuxeo with the wanted user and environment parameters.


In order to run as a service, you have to manage the directory rights for the super-user running the service. There are behavior changes depending on the Windows version.

Also, take care that network directories are usually not available when a service is executing. So, if you need to use some, you will have to mount them in the batch script before starting the Nuxeo Platform.

The database used by the Nuxeo Platform has to be installed as a service and started before the Nuxeo service.

Available Solutions

YAJSW is a Java centric implementation of the Java Service Wrapper by tanuki (JSW). It aims at being mostly configuration compliant with the original. YAJSW is LGPL licensed. That solution seems to be the more flexible, robust and multi-OS compliant.

When using this solution it is important that Nuxeo installation path contains no space (typically NOT C:\Program Files\nuxeo). Otherwise the service wrapper will truncate the path after the space and the service will not start. It is recommended that Nuxeo is installed at the root of the volume (C:\nuxeo\ for instance).

Installing Nuxeo as a Windows Service Using YAJSW

  1. Download YAJSW and unzip the archive.
  2. Set the system environment variable NUXEO_CONF to the location of your nuxeo.conf file, something like %NUXEO_HOME%\bin\nuxeo.conf.
  3. Start the Nuxeo Platform from the command line:

    nuxeoctl.bat --gui=false start

    Once the server is started, you'll get a message like below where XXXX is the process ID of the running Nuxeo application:

    Server started with process ID XXXX.
  4. Start a Command Prompt as an Administrator.

  5. Go to the %YAJSW_HOME%\bat folder.
  6. Execute the genConfigcommand with the process ID as parameter:

    genConfig.bat XXXX

    The configuration is written in the file %YAJSW_HOME%\conf\wrapper.conf.

    Wrapper Static Configuration Vs nuxeo.conf

    Once the wrapper configuration is generated, it is static. It means any further start of the Nuxeo service won't read nuxeo.conf to apply configuration changes to *config.xml files or to JVM options.

    If you change nuxeo.conf after having installing Nuxeo as a service, there are two possibilities:

    • Your changes are only about the configuration of Nuxeo: you just need to start Nuxeo with its own launcher (step 3).
    • Your changes are about JVM options (changes in JAVA_OPTS variable: memory, debug ...): you'll have to start Nuxeo with its launcher and generate the new wrapper configuration (step 3 to 6).

    In both cases, you don't have to unregister the service and register it again: the wrapper will use the same configuration file (wrapper.conf).

  7. Stop the Nuxeo Platform.

    nuxeoctl.bat --gui=false stop
  8. Open the wrapper.conf file and make sure the wrapper.console.title entry does not contain a colon (":") or the runConsole.bat will fail. Just remove the colon or give another title.

  9. Execute your wrapped application as console application by calling this command and check your application is accessible:

  10. Edit the file %YAJSW_HOME%\conf\wrapper.confand set your custom values for these parameters:

    # Name of the service
    # Display name of the service
    wrapper.ntservice.displayname=Nuxeo Platform
    # Description of the service
    wrapper.ntservice.description=Service to manage the Nuxeo Platform
  11. To install the application as service call, execute:


    Your service is installed and you can run the Nuxeo Platform from its service ("Windows Computer Management > Services" on Windows 7).

JBoss Native Windows (aka JBossSVC, JBossService and JavaService)

Deprecated Nuxeo scripts managing install as a Windows service were previously used. They were based on JBoss Native Windows which is now not recommended because of a number of defects. However, it was relatively easy to use and provides a quick solution.

As an example, here is the content of jboss-native-2.0.4/bin/service.bat:

Nuxeo JBoss Service Script for Windows

@echo off
REM JBoss, the OpenSource webOS
REM Distributable under LGPL license.
REM See terms of license at
REM -------------------------------------------------------------------------
REM JBoss Service Script for Windows
REM -------------------------------------------------------------------------

@if not "%ECHO%" == "" echo %ECHO%
@if "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" setlocal

REM during the build with ant filter.
set SVCDESC=Nuxeo 5.3.0-GA / JBoss Application Server 4.2.3 GA / Platform: Windows 64

REM Suppress killing service on logoff event
set JAVA_OPTS=-Xrs

REM Figure out the running mode

if /I "%1" == "install"   goto cmdInstall
if /I "%1" == "uninstall" goto cmdUninstall
if /I "%1" == "start"     goto cmdStart
if /I "%1" == "stop"      goto cmdStop
if /I "%1" == "restart"   goto cmdRestart
if /I "%1" == "signal"    goto cmdSignal
echo Usage: service install^|uninstall^|start^|stop^|restart^|signal
goto cmdEnd

REM jbosssvc retun values
REM ERR_RET_USAGE           1
REM ERR_RET_MODE            6

if errorlevel 1 echo Invalid command line parameters
if errorlevel 2 echo Failed installing %SVCDISP%
if errorlevel 4 echo Failed removing %SVCDISP%
if errorlevel 6 echo Unknown service mode for %SVCDISP%
goto cmdEnd

jbosssvc.exe -imwdc %SVCNAME% "%DIRNAME%" "%SVCDISP%" "%SVCDESC%" service.bat
if not errorlevel 0 goto errExplain
echo Service %SVCDISP% installed
goto cmdEnd

jbosssvc.exe -u %SVCNAME%
if not errorlevel 0 goto errExplain
echo Service %SVCDISP% removed
goto cmdEnd

REM Executed on service start
del .r.lock 2>&1 | findstr /C:"being used" > nul
if not errorlevel 1 (
  echo Could not continue. Locking file already in use.
  goto cmdEnd
echo Y > .r.lock
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Starting %SVCDISP%" > run.log
call run.bat -b < .r.lock >> run.log 2>&1
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutdown %SVCDISP% service" >> run.log
del .r.lock
goto cmdEnd

REM Executed on service stop
echo Y > .s.lock
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutting down %SVCDISP%" > shutdown.log
call shutdown -S < .s.lock >> shutdown.log 2>&1
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutdown %SVCDISP% service" >> shutdown.log
del .s.lock
goto cmdEnd

REM Executed manually from command line
REM Note: We can only stop and start
echo Y > .s.lock
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutting down %SVCDISP%" >> shutdown.log
call shutdown -S < .s.lock >> shutdown.log 2>&1
del .s.lock
REM Delete lock file
del .r.lock > nul 2>&1
REM Wait one second if lock file exist
jbosssvc.exe -s 1
if exist ".r.lock" goto waitRun
echo Y > .r.lock
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Restarting %SVCDISP%" >> run.log
call run.bat < .r.lock >> run.log 2>&1
jbosssvc.exe -p 1 "Shutdown %SVCDISP% service" >> run.log
del .r.lock
goto cmdEnd

REM Send signal to the service.
REM Requires jbosssch.dll to be loaded in JVM
@if not ""%2"" == """" goto execSignal
echo Missing signal parameter.
echo Usage: service signal [0...9]
goto cmdEnd
jbosssvc.exe -k%2 %SVCNAME%
goto cmdEnd


Other implementations were available from JBoss.

They were licensed under LGPL and so redistributable but there are not fully satisfying.

Tomcat Service Install/Uninstall Script

Using the Tomcat distribution of Nuxeo, you will find a service.bat script in the bin directory that could be adapted to install Nuxeo as a Windows service.

JavaServiceWrapper by Tanuki

Tanuki's library provides multiple methods for integrating a software as a service on various OS, the easier is to use the WrapperSimpleApp helper class to launch the application: see the example of JBoss installed as a Windows service. It requires to unzip the downloaded wrapper file, configure a wrapper.conf file pointing to %NUXEO_HOME%\bin\nuxeoctl.bat, then write a wrapper.bat file for managing test/install/uninstall:

JavaServiceWrapper usage

REM Test:
wrapper.exe -c %NUXEO_HOME%\wrapper\wrapper.conf

REM Install:
wrapper.exe -i %NUXEO_HOME%\wrapper\wrapper.conf

REM Uninstall:
wrapper.exe -r %NUXEO_HOME%\wrapper\wrapper.conf

This solution is known to work well but is sadly not redistributable for us because of its GPL/Commercial license.

.NET InstallUtil

.NET framework provides an InstallUtil.exe tool for installing/uninstalling services.

InstallUtil usage

REM Install
InstallUtil /i %NUXEO_HOME\bin\service.bat

REM Uninstall
InstallUtil /u %NUXEO_HOME\bin\service.bat

There are some disadvantages such as failures in case of multiple frameworks installed and frontward/backward incompatibilities.

You may want to have a look at for managing that programmatically.