The views on documents, the forms to create or edit them, how lists of documents are presented, all that can be changed in a Nuxeo application, to make sure the information displayed are meaningful. To enable the customization of how documents, forms and listings are presented, Nuxeo Platform-based application use layouts and content views.
In this section:
- Document Views — Pages visible for a given document can be configured depending on the document type.
- Document Layouts — Layouts can be linked to a document type by specifying the layout names in its definition.
- Document Content Views — Content Views can be linked to a document type by specifying the content view names in its definition.
- Drag and Drop Service for Content Capture (HTML5-Based) — You can use the native HTML5 Drag and Drop features on recent browsers (Firefox 3.6+, Google Chrome 9+, Safari 5+). This new Drag and Drop import model is pluggable so you can adapt the import behavior to your custom needs.
After the structural document type, a UI registration for our document type must be done for the type to be visible in the Nuxeo DM interface (or in other applications based on Nuxeo Platform). This is done through a contribution to the types extension point of the
org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.types.TypeService component (which is a different component than for the structural types, despite also ending in
For example, in
OSGI-INF/ui-types-contrib.xml we will define:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <component name="org.nuxeo.project.sample.ecm.types"> <extension target="org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.types.TypeService" point="types"> <type id="Sample"> <label>...</label> <icon>...</icon> <bigIcon>...</bigIcon> <description>...</description> <category>...</category> <layouts>...</layouts> ... </type> </extension> </component>
The extension must be added to
META-INF/MANIFEST.MF so that it will be taken into account by the deployment mechanism:
Nuxeo-Component: OSGI-INF/types-contrib.xml, OSGI-INF/ui-types-contrib.xml
The type element will contain all the information for this type, described below.
The label, description, icon, bigIcon and category are used by the user interface, for instance in the creation page when a list of possible types is displayed.
- label: a short name for the type.
- description: a longer description of the type.
- icon: a 16x16 icon path for the type, used in listings for instance. The path points to a resource defined in the Nuxeo WAR.
- bigIcon: a 100x100 icon path for the type, used in the creation screen for instance.
- category: a category for the type, used to separate types in different sections in the creation screen for instance.
Standard categories used in the Nuxeo DM interface are:
- SimpleDocument: a simple document
- Collaborative: a document or folder-like objects used for collaboration
- SuperDocument: a structural document usually created by the system
Other categories can freely be defined.
<type id="Sample"> <label>Sample document</label> <description>Sample document to do such and such</description> <icon>/icons/file.gif</icon> <bigIcon>/icons/file_100.png</bigIcon> <category>SimpleDocument</category> ... </type>
The default-view tag specifies the name of the facelet to use to display this document. This corresponds to a file that lives in the webapp, by default
view_documents.xhtml which is a standard view defined in the base Nuxeo Platform bundle. This standard view takes care of displaying available tabs and the document body according to the currently selected type.
Changing it is not advised unless extremely nonstandard rendering is needed.
The create-view and edit-view tags can point to a specific creation or edit facelets.
Proper defaults are used when these are not specified, so no need to add them to your type.
<type id="Sample"> ... <default-view>view_documents</default-view> <create-view>create_document</default-view> <edit-view>edit_document</default-view> ... </type>
A layout is a series of widgets, which makes the association between the field of a schema with a JSF component. The layout is used by the standard Nuxeo modification and summary views, to automatically display the document metadata according to the layout rules.
The layouts section (with a final s) defines the layouts for the document type for a given mode.
Defaults mode are:
- create for creation,
- edit for edition,
- view for view,
- any for layouts that will be merged in all the other modes.
The layout names refer to layouts defined on another extension point. Please see the layouts section for more information.
<type id="Sample"> ... <layouts mode="any"> <layout>heading</layout> <layout>note</layout> </layouts> ... </type>
The subtypes section defines a list of type elements for the document types that can be created as children objects of other document types. When defining a type, you can specify:
- what child document types can be create in it,
- in what parent document types it can be created.
This can also be defined for a pre-existing type, to add new allowed subtypes. Please make sure you require the components defining the pre-existing type to ensure a good merge of contributions.
For example, we can specify that the Sample type can be created in a Folder and a Workspace. Note that we define two new
<type> sections here, we don't add this information in the
<type id="Sample"> section.
<type id="Folder"> <subtypes> <type>Sample</type> </subtypes> </type> <type id="Workspace"> <subtypes> <type>Sample</type> </subtypes> </type>
It is also possible to define that some types will not be allowed as children in some cases (creation, copy/paste). To do that, a hidden attribute for the type element can be used.
The hidden cases are stored in a list, so if a check is needed for a hidden case, then the hidden cases list ought to be verified to check it contains that particular case.
<type id="Workspace"> <subtypes> <type>Workspace</type> <type hidden="create, paste">Folder</type> <type>File</type> <type>Note</type> </subtypes> </type>
OSGI-INF/ui-types-contrib.xml looks like:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <component name="org.nuxeo.project.sample.ecm.types"> <!-- Add require to component declaring Workspace and Folder types --> <require>org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.types</require> <extension target="org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.types.TypeService" point="types"> <type id="Sample"> <label>Sample document</label> <description>Sample document to do such and such</description> <icon>/icons/file.gif</icon> <bigIcon>/icons/file_100.png</bigIcon> <category>SimpleDocument</category> <default-view>view_documents</default-view> <layouts mode="any"> <layout>heading</layout> <layout>note</layout> </layouts> </type> <!-- containment rules --> <type id="Folder"> <subtypes> <type>Sample</type> </subtypes> </type> <type id="Workspace"> <subtypes> <type>Sample</type> </subtypes> </type> </extension> </component>