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Build a Custom Docker Image

Updated: May 21, 2021

To build an application from Nuxeo, we strongly recommend to customize the Nuxeo Docker Image by building a Docker image from the Nuxeo one. Let's see how you can do this.

Build a Custom Docker Image From the Nuxeo One

You can simply write a Dockerfile using the Nuxeo image as parent image. A good practice is to use a build argument before the FROM instruction to easily set the version of the Nuxeo parent image, as in the example below:

ARG NUXEO_VERSION=LTS-2019

FROM nuxeo:${NUXEO_VERSION}

# Execute some commands to add layers on top of the parent image

Then, the custom image can be built by running the following command in the directory of the Dockerfile:

docker build -t mycompany/myapplication:mytag --build-arg NUXEO_VERSION=10.10 .

Below, you can find some examples of customization that can be done in such a custom Docker image.

Installing Nuxeo Packages

We provide a utility script to install remote Nuxeo packages from Nuxeo Connect and local Nuxeo packages when building an image from the Nuxeo image. It can be downloaded from here. Once the script is downloaded, move it to the root directory of the Dockerfile.

For instance, you can use this script in the following Dockerfile:

ARG NUXEO_VERSION=LTS-2019
FROM nuxeo:${NUXEO_VERSION}

ARG CLID
ARG CONNECT_URL

# make sure the install-packages script we downloaded is useable
USER root
COPY install-packages.sh /
RUN chmod g+rwx,o+rx /install-packages.sh

COPY --chown=900:0 path/to/local-package-nodeps-*.zip $NUXEO_HOME/local-packages/local-package-nodeps.zip
COPY --chown=900:0 path/to/local-package-*.zip $NUXEO_HOME/local-packages/local-package.zip

# Install a local package without its dependencies (`mp-install --nodeps`)
RUN /install-packages.sh --offline $NUXEO_HOME/local-packages/local-package-nodeps.zip
# Install remote packages and a local package with its dependencies
RUN /install-packages.sh --clid ${CLID} --connect-url ${CONNECT_URL} nuxeo-web-ui nuxeo-drive $NUXEO_HOME/local-packages/local-package.zip
RUN rm -rf $NUXEO_HOME/local-packages
USER 900

Installing FFmpeg

As it contains some non-free codecs, FFmpeg isn't part of the Nuxeo image. However, you can build a custom Docker image, based on the Nuxeo one, including the ffmpeg package provided by RPM Fusion, see the Dockerfile sample below. The resulting ffmpeg binary embeds all the codecs required for Nuxeo video conversions.

ARG NUXEO_VERSION=LTS-2019
FROM nuxeo:${NUXEO_VERSION}

# we need to be root to run yum commands
USER 0
# install RPM Fusion free repository
RUN yum -y localinstall --nogpgcheck https://mirrors.rpmfusion.org/free/el/rpmfusion-free-release-7.noarch.rpm
# install ffmpeg package
RUN yum -y install ffmpeg
# set back original user
USER 900

You can use the above method to install any software in the custom image.

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