Server

Comments / Annotations

Updated: July 6, 2020

You can comment any kind of documents, even a comment can be commented (for replies). Annotations work in a same way as annotations are just specialized comments.

Comments (and so annotations) are linked to a specific document (their parent). Annotations are also linked to one of document's blob.

Core Implementation

Definitions

Comments in Nuxeo are stored as regular documents of type Comment.
Comments hold:

  • parent id
  • ancestor ids
  • author
  • text
  • creation date
  • modification date

Comment interface has been created to handle comments in Nuxeo. The interface is used as based type in comment service and also defines how comments are serialized in JSON in order to use them with the REST API.

Annotations are stored as regular document of type Annotation which inherit from Comment. They hold in addition of comments:

  • blob xpath

Like comments, annotations have the Annotation interface to use them.

Comments and annotations can have the facet ExternalEntity. When they have this facet, it can hold in addition:

  • external entity id
  • external entity
  • external entity origin
    With this facet, it is possible to handle external content such as annotations made in Nuxeo Enhanced Viewer for instance.

Storage

Comments and annotations are stored as a tree structure in a folderish document of type CommentRoot which is located right under the commented document. Comments are special children which means they are not copied with the commented document during copy operations but they are snapshotted when the document is checked in.
Please note comments are not restored when a version of the commented document is checked out.

Permissions

Comments and annotations rely on the ACL security model present in Nuxeo. ACLs are automatically inherited by default in Nuxeo. So for example, if a user has read access to a document, he also has read access to its children.

By consequence, people who have access to a commented document have read access to its comments and people who create comments and annotations can edit them as they have write access on them.

Events

All events share the same event context. It contains:

  • the parent document in parentComment which may be a comment or the commented document
  • the comment in comment_document
  • the comment text in comment
  • the category commentCategory in category

A commentAdded event is fired when creating a comment or annotation.

A commentUpdated event is fired when updating a comment or annotation.

A commentRemoved event is fired when deleting a comment or annotation.

Auto Subscription

When a first comment is added to a document, the document creator is subscribed automatically to the commentAdded event on his document(s).

When writing his first comment, a comment author is subscribed automatically to the commentAdded event on the commented document.

Once a user unsubscribes from a document, he won't be auto subscribed again to this document.
Auto subscription is turned on by default. It can be turned off by contributing like so:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<component name="org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.comment.service.notification.custom">
  <require>org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.comment.service.notification</require>
  <extension target="org.nuxeo.runtime.ConfigurationService" point="configuration">
    <property name="org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.comment.service.notification.autosubscribe">false<property>
  </extension>
</component>

Usage

Java API

Nuxeo provides basic implementation of Comment and Annotation interfaces: CommentImpl and AnnotationImpl.

With help of Framework#getService, you can get the CommentManager or AnnotationService to perform get / create / update / delete operations.

Comment comment = new CommentImpl();
comment.setParentId("PARENT_ID");
comment.setAuthor("Administrator");
comment.setText("A comment!")
comment.setCreationDate(Instant.now());
comment.setModificationDate(Instant.now());

CommentManager service = Framework.getService(CommentManager.class);
comment = service.createComment(coreSession, comment);
comment = service.getComment(coreSession, comment.getId());
comment.setText("New text");
service.updateComment(coreSession, comment.getId(), comment);
service.deleteComment(coreSession, comment.getId());

List<Comment> comments = service.getComments(coreSession, "PARENT_ID");
Annotation annotation = new AnnotationImpl();
annotation.setParentId("PARENT_ID");
annotation.setXpath("file:content");
annotation.setAuthor("Administrator");
annotation.setCreationDate(Instant.now());
annotation.setModificationDate(Instant.now());

AnnotationService service = Framework.getService(AnnotationService.class);
annotation = service.createAnnotation(coreSession, annotation);
annotation = service.getAnnotation(coreSession, annotation.getId());
annotation.setText("New text");
service.updateAnnotation(coreSession, annotation.getId(), annotation);
service.deleteAnnotation(coreSession, annotation.getId());

List<Annotation> annotations = service.getAnnotations(coreSession, "PARENT_ID", "file:content");

REST API

Nuxeo provides two web adapters to access comment and annotation services through REST. They are listed on the web adapter page.

JSON Entity Format

Comments are serialized as below:

{
  "entity-type": "comment",
  "id": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000", // comment id
  "parentId": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000", // commented document model id
  "ancestorIds": [ // all document ids until higher parent
    "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000",
    "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
  ],
  "author": "Joe",
  "text": "A comment example",
  "creationdDate": "1970-01-01T00:00:00Z",
  "modificationDate": "1970-01-01T00:00:00Z",
  "entityId": "...", // the entity id in external system (present when comment is created from another system)
  "origin": "...", // the entity origin (present when comment is created from another system)
  "entity": "...", // the serialized external entity (present when comment is created from another system)
  "numberOfReplies": 0, // present when fetch.comment contains repliesSummary
  "lastReplyDate": "1970-01-01T00:00:00Z" // present when fetch.comment contains repliesSummary
}

Annotations are serialized as below:

{
  "entity-type": "annotation",
  "id": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000", // annotation id
  "parentId": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000", // annotated document model id
  "ancestorIds": [ // all document ids until higher parent
    "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000",
    "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
  ],
  "xpath": "file:content",
  "author": "Joe",
  "text": "A comment example",
  "creationdDate": "1970-01-01T00:00:00Z",
  "modificationDate": "1970-01-01T00:00:00Z",
  "entityId": "...", // the entity id in external system (present when annotation is created from another system)
  "origin": "...", // the entity origin (present when annotation is created from another system)
  "entity": "..." // the serialized external entity (present when annotation is created from another system)
}

Endpoints

As both comment and annotation endpoints are provided as web adapters, path in tables below are relative to a document (the commented or annotated one), for instance: /nuxeo/api/v1/id/{docId}.

Check Document Resources Endpoint for more information about available document endpoints.

Comments:

Description HTTP Method Path Request Body Response
Create a comment on document POST /@comment Comment Created comment
Fetch comments of document GET /@comment?pageSize=10&currentPageIndex=0 / Partial list of comment
Fetch a comment GET /@comment/{commentId} / Comment with commentId
Fetch a comment by its external entity id GET /@comment/external/{entityId} / External comment with entityId
Update a comment PUT /@comment/{commentId} Comment with updates Updated comment
Update a comment by its external entity id PUT /@comment/external/{entityId} Comment with updates Updated external comment
Delete a comment DELETE /@comment/{commentId} / /
Delete a comment by its external entity id DELETE /@comment/external/{entityId} / /

Annotations:

Description HTTP Method Path Request Body Response
Create an annotation on document POST /@annotation Annotation Created annotation
Fetch annotations of document GET /@annotation?xpath=file:content / Annotation of specified blob
Fetch replies of annotations GET /@annotation/comments?annotationIds=...&annotationIds=... / List of replies
Fetch an annotation GET /@annotation/{annotationId} / Annotation with annotationId
Fetch an annotation by its external entity id GET /@annotation/external/{entityId} / External annotation with entityId
Update an annotation PUT /@annotation/{annotationId} Annotation with updates Updated annotation
Update an annotation by its external entity id PUT /@annotation/external/{entityId} Annotation with updates Updated external annotation
Delete an annotation DELETE /@annotation/{annotationId} / /
Delete an annotation by its external entity id DELETE /@annotation/external/{entityId} / /

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