Scan Documents Importer

Updated: July 15, 2024

The Scan Documents Importer addon allows to create documents from XML files located on the file system every time a dedicated event is launched. It can therefore be easily configured to import data on a regular basis.

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This addon requires no specific installation steps. It can be installed like any other package with nuxeoctl command line or from the Marketplace.

Please note that the XML can only be mapped to non-multivalued and non-complex fields. If you need this functionality, you will need the advanced XML parsing.

Advanced XML parsing can be achieved by adding the following bundles into your platform (copy the jar files into the nxserver/bundles directory):

  1. nuxeo-importer-xml-parser
  2. nuxeo-importer-scan-xml-parser

These bundles provide you with a new service (org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.importer.xml.parser.XMLImporterComponent) and extension points that need to be used instead of the regular ones:

  1. documentMapping to determine which document type should be created depending on a set of conditions

  2. attributeMapping to do the XML parsing and map to the corresponding metadata

A detailed documentation on the advanced XML parsing usage can be found on the nuxeo-importer-xml-parser GitHub page.

Import process

The scan import process is composed of several elements:

  1. The files to import, classified in a folder structure.
  2. XML files linked to the files to attach its document type and property values
  3. An output folder where XML files are moved once processed by the scan importer.

  1. Scan importer configurations, declared in an XML extension into Nuxeo Studio

    1. The import frequency (every 30 seconds or every night for example)
    2. Specific import sizing information (batch size, number of threads...)
    3. The document type which should be applied for the folders (Workspace by default) and the files (File by default)

    If you need to import with specific properties, then you would have to change the default document type applied to the file (targetLeafType property in the XML contribution)

    1. The property mapping between the XML file tags and the Nuxeo document model (XPATH values)


The import is triggered by a simple event fired by the scheduler service. The default value is set to fire the event every 30 seconds as you can see on the contribution below. If you are used to good old Unix cron, be careful, the syntax is slightly different since we are using quartz.

Scheduler to trigger the import

<!-- define scheduler event to trigger the import -->
    <schedule id="scanImporter">
      <!-- every 30 seconds -->
      <!-- only edit this part !!! -->
      <cronExpression>*/30 * * * * ?</cronExpression>

Then, you need to configure the importer. In the following example you will specify the source and destination folder of the resources to import, where to import the documents in the repository, the number of concurrent import threads, the size of the document batch to import between commits, etc..

XML Extension to configure the importer

<extension target="org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.scanimporter.service.ScannedFileMapperComponent"
        <!-- define here importer configuration -->
            <!-- folder that holds the data to be imported -->
            <!-- folder where xml files will be moved when processed (files will be deleted if directory is not set or does not exist)-->
            <!-- number of threads used by the importer : keep it to 1 if using H2 or you will break H2's lucene index -->
            <!-- define how many documents are imported between 2 commits -->
            <!-- Specify the path of the root document where you want to import your documents -->
            <!-- default to true -->
            <!-- default to false -->
            <!-- Looks for XML file and use mapping configuration, default to true. -->

If you choose to use the XML mapping, you can configure it with an extension point contribution as you can see in the following example.

XML Extension for the XML mapping of the import file

<!-- Doctype to create depending on XML formatting
     In this case, having an invoice tag means I should create an Invoice document in Nuxeo -->
<extension target="org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.importer.xml.parser.XMLImporterComponent" point="documentMapping">
    <docConfig tagName="invoice">

<!-- XML to metadata mapping
    In this case, my invoice schema is as follows:
    supplier                          string
    amount                            float
    orderdate                         date
    planneddeliverydate               date
        items                                complex, multivalued
            ref                                    string
            description                        string
            amount                              float
            deliverydate                    date
<extension target="org.nuxeo.ecm.platform.importer.xml.parser.XMLImporterComponent" point="attributeMapping">
    <attributeConfig tagName="order_number" docProperty="dc:title" xmlPath="@value"/>
  <attributeConfig tagName="software_source" docProperty="dc:source" xmlPath="@value"/>
    <attributeConfig tagName="supplier" docProperty="invoice:supplier" xmlPath="@value"/>
  <attributeConfig tagName="total_incl_taxes" docProperty="invoice:amount" xmlPath="@value"/>
  <attributeConfig tagName="order_date" docProperty="invoice:orderdate" xmlPath="@value"/>
  <attributeConfig tagName="planned_delivery_date" docProperty="invoice:planneddeliverydate" xmlPath="@value"/>

  <attributeConfig tagName="file" docProperty="file:content">
        <mapping documentProperty="filename">@name</mapping>
        <mapping documentProperty="content">@name</mapping>

    <attributeConfig tagName="item" docProperty="invoice:items">
       <mapping documentProperty="ref">ref/text()</mapping>
    <mapping documentProperty="description">desc/text()</mapping>
    <mapping documentProperty="amount">amount/text()</mapping>
    <mapping documentProperty="deliverydate">
                String date = currentElement.selectNodes('delivery_date/text()')[0].getText().trim();
              return Fn.parseDate(date, 'yyyy.MM.dd')

At the end, below is an example of XML file to import, working with the configuration previously described.

Original XML file

  <order_number value="Invoice NX38937987-421-690" />
  <software_source value="My accounting software" />
  <supplier value="Papeterie Stylo Dépôt" />
  <order_date value="2005-03-12T11:00:00.000Z" />
  <planned_delivery_date value="2005-04-17" />
  <total_incl_taxes value="65.90" />
  <file name="order made on march 12 2005.pdf" />
    <desc>Glue sticks</desc>

A Java mapper class example can be found on GitHub. This allows to create a specific Nuxeo document type depending on the XML source.