Nuxeo Server

Elasticsearch Setup

This page provides several configuration use cases for Elasticsearch.

Setting up an Elasticsearch Cluster

Elasticsearch Supported Versions

The Nuxeo Platform can communicate with Elasticsearch using 2 different protocols:

  • The transport client protocol (using port 9300 by default), in this case you are encouraged to use the same major version on client and cluster sides as described in the matrix below. We recommend to use the same JVM version for all Elasticsearch nodes and Nuxeo.
  • The HTTP Rest protocol (using port 9200 by default), which provides looser coupling with Elasticsearch, this protocol is supported since Nuxeo 9.3.
Nuxeo Platform Version: FT 10.1 LTS 2017 LTS 2016 LTS 2015
Elasticsearch Library: 5.6.3
Cluster: 5.6.x
Library: 5.6.3
Cluster: 5.6.x
From 8.1 to 8.3:
Library: 1.5.2
Cluster: 1.5.2 to 1.7.x
From 8.10:
Library: 2.3.5
Cluster: 2.3.x to 2.4.x
Library: 1.5.2
Cluster: 1.5.2 to 1.7.x

The default configuration uses an embedded Elasticsearch instance that runs in the same JVM as the Nuxeo Platform's.

This embedded mode is only for testing purpose and should not be used in production, neither Elasticsearch nor Nuxeo can support an embedded installation.

For production you need to setup an Elasticsearch cluster.

Installing the Elasticsearch Cluster

Refer to the Elasticsearch documentation to install and secure your cluster. Basically:

  • Don’t run Elasticsearch open to the public.
  • Don’t run Elasticsearch as root.

Use an explicit cluster name by setting the cluster.name in the /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml file, this will avoid conflicts with other environments.

If you have a large number of documents or if you use Nuxeo in cluster you may reach the default configuration limitation, here are some recommended tuning:

Consider disabling the OS swapping or using other Elasticsearch option to prevent the heap to be swapped.

In /etc/default/elasticsearch file you can increase the JVM heap to half of the available OS memory:

# For a dedicated node with 12g of RAM
ES_HEAP_SIZE=6g

To prevent indexing errors like:

EsRejectedExceptionException[rejected execution (queue capacity 50)

Increase the bulk queue size In/etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml configuration file:

thread_pool.bulk.queue_size: 500

Configuring Nuxeo to Access the Elasticsearch Cluster

Nuxeo supports two protocols to access the Elasticsearch cluster: the transport client protocol and the Rest client.

The Transport Client protocol (default)

Here are the nuxeo.conf options available for the Transport Client protocol:

elasticsearch.client=TransportClient
elasticsearch.addressList=somenode:9300,anothernode:9300
elasticsearch.clusterName=elasticsearch

Where:

  • elasticsearch.client choose the TransportClient protocol, this is the default so this option is not required.
  • elasticsearch.addressList points to one or many Elasticsearch nodes, this is a comma separated list of host:port. Note that the default port for this protocol is 9300 (and not 9200).
  • elasticsearch.clusterName is the cluster name to join, elasticsearch being the default cluster name.

The REST Client

This protocol is supported since Nuxeo 9.3:

elasticsearch.client=RestClient
elasticsearch.addressList=http://somenode:9200,https://anothernode:443

Where:

  • elasticsearch.client choose the RestClient protocol
  • elasticsearch.addressList is a comma separated list of URL.

Advanced REST Client configuration

If you have installed Elasticsearch X-Pack you have the possibility to secure communication between Nuxeo and Elasticsearch using the Rest Client (supported since Nuxeo 9.10-HF01).

For Elasticsearch please follow this guide to Securing Elasticsearch and Kibana.

Basic Authentication

If you have chosen to configure Basic User Authentication then you can setup Nuxeo using nuxeo.conf with the follow properties:

elasticsearch.restClient.username=your_username
elasticsearch.restClient.password=your_password

For X-Pack, please follow the Elasticsearch documentation for configuring a user and role, an example could be:

curl -XPOST -u elastic 'localhost:9200/_xpack/security/role/nuxeo_role' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d '{
  "cluster" : [
    "all"
  ],
 "indices" : [
   {
     "names" : [ "nuxeo*" ],
     "privileges" : [ "all" ]
   }
 ]
}'

Configuring a user for that role could look something like this:

curl -XPOST -u elastic 'localhost:9200/_xpack/security/user/nuxeo_user' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d '{
  "password" : "nuxeo_secret_password",
  "full_name" : "Nuxeo User",
  "roles" : [ "nuxeo_role" ]
}'

SSL/TLS configuration

If you have chosen to configure SSL/TLS then you can setup Nuxeo using nuxeo.conf with the following properties:

elasticsearch.restClient.keystorePath=your_path_to_keystore
elasticsearch.restClient.keystorePassword=your_password
elasticsearch.restClient.keystoreType=your_keystore_type
  • keystoreType is optional, if unspecified it uses the default Java system keystore type, e.g. jks

If you are using SSL then the elasticsearch.addressList will need to be updated to include the https.

Index names

Nuxeo manages 3 Elasticsearch indexes:

  • The repository index used to index document content, this index can be rebuild from scratch by extracting content from the repository.
  • The audit logs index to store audit entries, this index is a primary storage and can not be rebuild.
  • A sequence index used to serve unique value that can be used as primary keys, this index is also a primary storage.

To make the connection between the Nuxeo Platform instance and the ES cluster check the following options in the nuxeo.conf file and edit if you need to change the default value:

elasticsearch.indexName=nuxeo
elasticsearch.indexNumberOfReplicas=0
audit.elasticsearch.indexName=${elasticsearch.indexName}-audit
seqgen.elasticsearch.indexName=${elasticsearch.indexName}-uidgen

Where

  • elasticsearch.indexName is the name of the Elasticsearch index for the default document repository.
  • elasticsearch.indexNumberOfReplicas is the number of replicas. By default you have 5 shards and 1 replicas. If you have a single node in your cluster you should set the indexNumberOfReplicasto 0. Visit the Elasticsearch documentation for more information on shards and replicas.
  • audit.elasticsearch.indexName is the name of the Elasticsearch index for audit logs.
  • seqgen.elasticsearch.indexName is the name of the Elasticsearch index for the uid sequencer, extensively used for audit logs.

You can find all the available options in the nuxeo.defaults.

Index Aliases

Nuxeo supports repository index aliases. This allows you to distinguish the read index from the write index. To enable this feature set manageAlias to true in the default template (elasticsearch-config.xml.nxftl).

<elasticSearchIndex name="${elasticsearch.indexName}" type="doc" repository="default" manageAlias="true">

When manageAlias is true, Nuxeo will manage 2 aliases: one for searching using the name of the contrib (default to nuxeo), one for writing with a "-write" suffix (nuxeo-write), both aliases will point to the same index (nuxeo-0000). The index name ends with a number and is automatically incremented when a new index is created.

When reindexing the repository, a new index is created (nuxeo-0001) and the write alias is updated to use it. The search alias stays on the previous index (nuxeo-0000), it is read-only and can still be used by users. Once indexing is terminated the search alias is updated to point to the new index (nuxeo-0001). An administrator can then backup and delete the old index.

If you choose to enable Nuxeo management of index aliases then it is best to leave Nuxeo to manage them. Do not try to manage aliases externally in Elasticsearch at the same time.

Disabling Elasticsearch

Elasticsearch is enabled by default, if you want to disable Elasticsearch indexing and search you can simply add the following option to the nuxeo.conf:

elasticsearch.enabled=false

Disabling Elasticsearch for Audit Logs

When Elasticsearch is enabled and the audit.elasticsearch.enabled property is set to true in nuxeo.conf which is the case by default, Elasticsearch is used as a backend for audit logs.

This improves scalability, especially when using Nuxeo Drive with a large set of users.

When Elasticsearch is used as a backend for audit logs it becomes the reference (no more SQL backend as it was the case in Nuxeo versions lower than 7.3).

For this purpose make sure you read the Backing Up and Restoring the Audit Elasticsearch Index page.

If you want to disable Elasticsearch and use the SQL database as the default backend for audit logs you can simply update this property in nuxeo.conf:

audit.elasticsearch.enabled=false

Rebuilding the Repository Index

If you need to reindex the whole repository, you can do this from the Admin > Elasticsearch > Admin tab.

You can fine tune the indexing process using the following options:

  • Sizing the indexing worker thread pool. The default size is 4, using more threads will crawl the repository faster:

    elasticsearch.indexing.maxThreads=4
    
  • Tuning the number of documents per worker and the number of document submitted using the Elasticsearch bulk API:

    # Reindexing option, number of documents to process per worker
    elasticsearch.reindex.bucketReadSize=500
    # Reindexing option, number of documents to submit to Elasticsearch per bulk command
    elasticsearch.reindex.bucketWriteSize=50
    

Changing the Mappings and Settings of Indexes

Updating the Repository Index Configuration

Nuxeo comes with a default mapping that sets the locale for full-text and declares some fields as being date or numeric.

For fields that are not explicitly defined in the mapping, Elasticsearch will try to guess the type the first time it indexes the field. If the field is empty it will be treated as a String field. This is why most of the time you need to explicitly set the mapping for your custom fields that are of type date, numeric or full-text. Also fields that are used to sort and that could be empty need to be defined to prevent an unmapped field error.

The default mapping is located in the ${NUXEO_HOME}/templates/common-base/nxserver/config/elasticsearch-config.xml.nxftl.

To override and tune the default mapping:

Since Nuxeo 9.3, instead of overriding the extension point you can simply override the default mapping or settings JSON files:

  1. Create a custom template like myapp with a nuxeo.defaults file that contains:

    myapp.target=.
    
  2. In this custom template create a file named nxserver/config/elasticsearch-doc-mapping.json to override the mapping. You can create a file named nxserver/config/elasticsearch-doc-settings.json to override the settings.

  1. Update the nuxeo.conf to use your custom template.

    nuxeo.templates=default,/etc/nuxeo/myapp
    
  2. Restart and re-index the entire repository from the Admin tab (see previous section), a re-indexing is needed to apply the new settings and mapping.

For mapping customization examples, see the page Configuring the Elasticsearch Mapping.

Updating the Audit Logs Index Configuration

Here the index is a primary storage and you cannot rebuild it. So we need a tool that will extract the _source of documents from one index and submit it to a new index that have been setup with the new configuration.

  1. Update the mappings or settings configuration by overriding the {NUXEO_HOME}/templates/common-base/nxserver/config/elasticsearch-audit-index-config.xml(follow the same procedure as the section above for the repository index)
  2. Use a new name for the audit.elasticsearch.indexName(like nuxeo-audit2)
  3. Start the Nuxeo Platform. The new index is created with the new mapping.
  4. Stop the Nuxeo Platform
  5. Copy the audit logs entries in the new index using stream2es. Here we copy nuxeo-audit to nuxeo-audit2.

    curl -O download.elasticsearch.org/stream2es/stream2es; chmod +x stream2es
    ./stream2es es --source http://localhost:9200/nuxeo-audit --target http://localhost:9200/nuxeo-audit2 --replace
    

Configuration for Multi Repositories

You need to define an index for each repository. This is done by adding an elasticSearchIndex contribution.

  1. Create a custom template as described in the above section "Changing the mapping of the index".
  2. Add a second elasticSearchIndex contribution:

    <elasticSearchIndex name="nuxeo-repo2" type="doc" repository="repo2"> ....
    

    Where name is the Elasticsearch index name and repository the repository name.

Investigating and Reporting Problems

Activate Traces

To understand why a document is not present in search results or not indexed, you can activate a debug trace.

Open at the lib/log4j.xml file and uncomment the ELASTIC section:

      <appender name="ELASTIC" class="org.apache.log4j.FileAppender">
        <errorHandler class="org.apache.log4j.helpers.OnlyOnceErrorHandler" />
        <param name="File" value="${nuxeo.log.dir}/elastic.log" />
        <param name="Append" value="false" />
        <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
          <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%d{ISO8601} %-5p [%t][%c] %m%X%n" />
        </layout>
      </appender>
      <category name="org.nuxeo.elasticsearch" additivity="false">
        <priority value="TRACE" />
        <appender-ref ref="ELASTIC" />
      </category>

The elastic.log file will contain all the requests done by the Nuxeo Platform to Elasticsearch including the curl command ready to be copy/past/debug in a term.

Reporting Settings and Mapping

It is also important to report the current settings and mapping of an Elasticsearch index (here called nuxeo)

curl localhost:9200/nuxeo/_settings?pretty > /tmp/nuxeo-settings.json
curl localhost:9200/nuxeo/_mapping?pretty > /tmp/nuxeo-mapping.json
# misc info and stats on Elasticsearch
curl localhost:9200 > /tmp/es-info.txt
curl localhost:9200/_cluster/stats?pretty >> /tmp/es-info.txt
curl localhost:9200/_nodes/stats?pretty >> /tmp/es-info.txt
curl localhost:9200/_cat/health?v >> /tmp/es-info.txt
curl localhost:9200/_cat/nodes?v >> /tmp/es-info.txt
curl localhost:9200/_cat/indices?v >> /tmp/es-info.txt

Testing an Analyzer

To test the full-text analyzer:

curl -XGET 'localhost:9200/nuxeo/_analyze?analyzer=fulltext&pretty' -d 'This is a text for testing, file_name/1-foos-BAR.jpg'

To test an analyzer derived from the mapping:

curl -XGET 'localhost:9200/nuxeo/_analyze?field=ecm:path.children&pretty' -d 'workspaces/main folder/folder'

Viewing Indexed Terms for Document Field

This can be done using tool like Luke to analyze at the Lucene index level. It is also possible to use aggregate on fields that are not text or text with fielddata option:

# view indexed tokens for dc:title.fulltext of document 3d50118c-7472-4e99-9cc9-321deb4fe053
curl -XGET 'localhost:9200/nuxeo/doc/_search?pretty' -d'{
 "query" : {"ids" : { "values" : ["3d50118c-7472-4e99-9cc9-321deb4fe053"] }},
 "aggs": {"my_aggs": {"terms": {"field": "dc:title", "order" : { "_count" : "desc" }, "size": 1000}}}}'

You may need to change the size parameter to get more or less indexed terms.

Comparing the Elasticsearch Index with the Database Content

You can use the esync tool to compare both content and pinpoint discrepancies.

This tool is a read-only standalone tool, it requires both access to the database and Elasticsearch (using transport client on port 9300).


5 days ago manonlumeau Remove updated review date
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