Nuxeo Server

java.net.SocketException Too many open files

Updated: September 22, 2017 Page Information Edit on GitHub

The Symptoms

On Linux, you might encounter this error a while after having used your Nuxeo instance (esp. with many concurrent HTTP requests on the Tomcat distribution):

09:02:10,887 ERROR [PoolTcpEndpoint] Endpoint ServerSocket[addr=/0.0.0.0,port=0,localport=8080] ignored exception: java.net.SocketException: Too many open files
java.net.SocketException: Too many open files
       at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketAccept(Native Method)

To avoid this you have to increase the number of open files in the configuration file of your Linux System. There are two limits. One is global (for all users) and one is a per-user limit (1024 by default).

Count File Descriptors in Use

Count Open File Handles

sudo lsof [-u user] | wc -l

Count File Descriptors in Kernel Memory

sudo sysctl fs.file-nr
# => The number of allocated file handles
# => The number of unused-but-allocated file handles
# => The system-wide maximum number of file handles

Raising the Global Limit

  1. Edit /etc/sysctl.conf and add the following line:
    fs.file-max = 65536
    
  2. Apply the changes with:
    sudo sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.conf
    

Raising the per-User Limit

On some systems it is possible to use the ulimit -Hn 8192 and ulimit -Sn 4096 commands. However most of the time this is forbidden and you will get an error such as:

ulimit: open files: cannot modify limit: Operation not permitted

In those cases, you must:

  1. Edit as root the following system configuration file:
    % sudo vi /etc/security/limits.conf
    
  2. Modify the values for nuxeo user (we assume here JBOSS is launched with the sytem user "nuxeo")
    nuxeo           soft    nofile          4096
    nuxeo           hard    nofile          8192
    

If you want to raise the limits for all users you can do instead:

*           soft    nofile          4096
*           hard    nofile          8192

Once you save file, you may need to logout and login again.

To check whether changes are taken into account, open a new session with the user that starts the nuxeo process. And check that the change has been taken into account:

% su nuxeo
% ulimit -n
1024

Here we can see that the new value has not been taken into account.

To fix this:

  1. Edit /etc/pam.d/su:
    % sudo vi /etc/pam.d/su
    
  2. Uncomment the line:

    session    required   pam_limits.so
    

    The change should now be taken into account the next time you login with your user:

    % su nuxeo
    % ulimit -n
    4096
    
3 days ago manonlumeau NXDOC-1323: Update BDE doc
History: Created by manonlumeau